When it comes to proofs of
concept (POCs) and pilots of blockchains for supply chain applications, Ethereum is surely in the lead as the preferred
With its “world computer”
ability to run smart contracts, Ethereum has been adopted as a natural starting
point by major companies and many startups and is now receiving attention as a
central part of the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) through the formation of
a supply chain working group.
Since its launch in July 2015 (it’s still
officially in beta), Ethereum has become popular because it is both flexible
and freely available for use or modification (as it is open source). The public
Ethereum network is seen as an easy on-ramp for those beginning to experiment
with the technology, or run a POC, ahead of spinning up a private network for a
While maintaining a commitment to developing the public network — planned work
includes changing the consensus mechanism from a proof-of-work model to one
based on proof-of-stake — the Ethereum community is also putting effort into
making Ethereum suitable for enterprise use by major companies.
Thus, the formation earlier this year of the EEA, kick-started by Brooklyn-based
ConsenSys. The organization has a key goal of creating a specification and a
reference implementation of an enterprise platform. J.P. Morgan’s Quorum
platform, a fork of Ethereum with access and privacy controls, is likely to be
leveraged for certain aspects of the specification and might itself evolve into
a reference implementation.
The EEA currently boasts around 150 members, with more expected to join.
Members include major vendors such as Microsoft and technology adopters
including the likes of Banco Santander, as well as many smaller companies and
startups such as BlockApps and Nuco.
Many of the EEA’s members are working with applications for supply chain provenance or
trade finance. Notably, Microsoft’s Project Manifest is looking to integrate
Ethereum with IoT sensors for product tracking, which is also a focus for the startup
company Chronicled. Indeed, Chronicled is drilling down further by building a
solution for cold chain monitoring, which ensures goods such as food and
pharmaceuticals are transported in temperature-controlled environments.
Meanwhile, consulting firms like Deloitte and Synechron have built trade
finance frameworks on Ethereum.
Recently, the EEA has formed a number of working groups to focus on specific vertical markets and industries, and supply chain is one of them. The working group is headed by Tyler Mulvihill of ConsenSys, where he is the business development and strategy lead of the Authentick project. Authentick is launching a generic track-and-trace platform that allows a business analyst to model a supply chain and the assets that are transported through it and track those assets as they change ownership within the supply chain.
The Authentick platform incorporates a business-friendly user interface and automatically generates smart contracts that run on an Ethereum instance, an approach that avoids the need to create smart contract code, an activity still best left to experts and one which requires rigorous testing before deployment.
The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has assessed a civil money penalty against a peer-to-peer bitcoin trader for violating anti-money laundering (AML) regulations, its first enforcement action against a cryptocurrency exchanger. According to the agency, the exchanger failed to register as a money services business and failed to report "suspicious transactions," among other violations. The exchanger has been assessed a $35,000 fine and is now prohibited from providing money transmission services.
The Enterprise Ethereum Alliance has announced a "Token Taxonomy Initiative" to develop universal definitions for tokens to encourage their interchangeability across blockchain platforms. Members of the initiative include Microsoft, R3, ConsenSys, IBM, EY, Accenture and Intel.
Gemini Trust, a New York-based cryptocurrency exchange, has announced support for Segregated Witness (SegWit) addresses and transaction batching. As a result, customers can now use SegWit addresses for bitcoin deposits and withdrawals, ideally improving processing times and lowering bitcoin withdrawal fees.